The major sources of air pollution in Malaysia, notably in urban areas are: motor vehicles (mobile sources), industrial and power plants (stationary sources) and open burning (Afroz et al. 2003).
What causes air pollution Malaysia?
In Malaysia, pollutants from the combustion of fossil fuels emitted by vehicles is one of the main cause for air pollution in Malaysia. … Adding to that, bauxite mining has been a growing concern in Malaysia. Parts of the state of Pahang are covered with layers of red dust.
What is the main local source of air pollution in Malaysia?
In Malaysia, power stations, motor vehicles and open burning has been identified as the main contributors to the country’s air pollution emissions (Afroz et al., 2003) .
What are the main air pollutants in Malaysia?
The air quality in Malaysia is reported as the Air Pollution Index (API). Four of the index’s pollutant components (i.e., carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide) are reported in ppmv but PM10 particulate matter is reported in μg/m3.
How many people die from air pollution in Malaysia?
Though Malaysia outdoor air pollution attributable deaths (deaths/100,000) fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to decrease through 2011 – 2020 period ending at 46.86 deaths/100,000 in 2020.
How bad is the air pollution in Malaysia?
In 2019 Malaysia came in ranked 50th place amongst all the countries of the world, with a PM2. 5 rating of 19.36 µg/m³, putting its yearly average into the ‘moderately’ polluted range. In order for a city or country to be classified as moderately polluted requires a PM2.
What kind of pollution is in Malaysia?
Air pollution in Malaysia falls into three main categories: air pollution due to exhaust gas from mobile emission sources such as motor vehicles, principally in urban areas; haze caused by the weather and by forest fires in neighboring Indonesia; and pollution caused by industrial activities.
What are the 5 types of pollution?
Major forms of pollution include air pollution, light pollution, litter, noise pollution, plastic pollution, soil contamination, radioactive contamination, thermal pollution, visual pollution, and water pollution.
What will be affected by light pollution?
In disrupting ecosystems, light pollution poses a serious threat in particular to nocturnal wildlife, having negative impacts on plant and animal physiology. It can confuse the migratory patterns of animals, alter competitive interactions of animals, change predator-prey relations, and cause physiological harm.