Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea-level rise. But Indonesia’s biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it’s causing the city to sink.
Why is the land sinking in central California and Jakarta Indonesia?
Excessive extraction of groundwater for drinking and commercial use is largely responsible for this: When water is pumped out of an underground aquifer, the land above it sinks. Currently, 40 per cent of Jakarta’s residents lack access to piped water.
What are the problems in Jakarta?
Since 1990, major floods have happened every few years in Jakarta, with tens of thousands of people often displaced. The monsoon in 2007 brought especially damaging floods, with more than 70 percent of the city submerged. Rapid urbanization, land use change, and population growth have exacerbated the problem.
What is the biggest problem in Jakarta?
Rapid urbanization in the megacity of Jakarta caused a wide range of urban problems in the last few decades. Two major problems are traffic congestions and floods. Jakarta is estimated to lose US$3 billion a year because of traffic congestion which can’t be separated from the high growth rate of vehicle ownership.
Which cities will be underwater by 2050?
The coastal state of Goa, which is famous for its beach vacations, will also witness a considerable rise in sea levels by 2050, and areas like Mapusa, Chorao Island, Mulgao, Corlim, Dongrim will be the most affected. However, according to reports, most regions in South Goa will remain intact.
Is Tokyo sinking?
And in many of the most populated coastal areas, the land is sinking even faster than the sea is rising. Parts of Tokyo for instance sank by 4 metres during the 20th century, with 2 metres or more of sinking reported in Shanghai, Bangkok, and New Orleans. This process is known as subsidence.
Is Japan sinking or rising?
The shape and location of Japan is gradually transformed by plate movements. However, Japan is generally not sinking. In fact, its mountains are becoming higher as these plates crush together. The 2011 Tohoku Earthquake did cause parts of Japan to sink.