It is a disputed territory claimed by the Republic of the Philippines through the 1734 Velarde map, while the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) claim it through the internationally invalidated nine-dash line (originally an eleven-dash line which included waters in the Gulf of Tonkin).
Why Kalayaan island group is important to the Philippines?
about 30% of the total reef area of the Philippines. Most of these reefs are found in the Kalayaan Islands Group (KIG). The KIG is also a source of coral and fish larvae for neighboring reef systems along the western Palawan coast and as far as the Sulu Sea and the Indo-China coast.
What made the Philippines win the case against China?
The tribunal’s ruling is certainly a legal victory for the Philippines over China as the judges agreed unanimously on almost all the questions submitted by the Philippines, including a declaration from the tribunal that China is obliged to comply with UNCLOS and that the award is legally binding on China.
What is the basis of Philippines in claiming West Philippine Sea?
In Philippine law, the West Philippine Sea refers only to the portions of the South China Sea which the Philippine government claims to be part of the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The naming of the area became official through Administrative Order No.
What is the meaning of Scarborough Shoal?
Scarborough Shoal is a rock in the South China Sea, approximately 120 nautical miles west of the Philippine island of Luzon. There are no structures built on Scarborough Shoal, but the feature is effectively controlled by China, which has maintained a constant coast guard presence at the feature since 2012.
What country owns the Philippines?
By the Treaty, Cuba gained its independence and Spain ceded the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States for the sum of US$20 million.
Why territorial conflicts between Philippines and China exist?
No matter how the Philippine memorial is packaged, the direct cause of the disputes between China and the Philippines is the latter’s illegal occupation of some of China’s islands and reefs in the South China Sea.
What is the Unclos decision in favor of the Philippines?
On 12 July 2016, the special arbitral tribunal ruled in favor of the Philippines on most of its submissions. It clarified that it would not “… rule on any question of sovereignty over land territory and would not delimit any maritime boundary between the Parties“.