The harbor, being closer to the island itself would make it easier for the British to defend the harbor from pirates, making it safer. The geographic properties of Singapore, therefore allowed it to be chosen as the place where a port would be set-up.
Why did the British choose Singapore as a port?
British trading ships were heavily taxed at Dutch ports, stifling British trade in the region. Raffles reasoned that the way to challenge the Dutch was to establish a new port in the region. Existing British ports were not in a strategic enough position to becoming major trading centres.
Why did the British need a new port?
A third port in the Malay Archipelago was needed by the British because they had to break the trading monopoly of the Dutch. With the Dutch taking more and more of the Malay Archipelago, they shut the British out of the trade. … Secondly, the British had to protect their trade with China.
Why did the British establish a trading port in Southeast Asia?
The Dutch wanted to keep the East Indies (area of Malaysia and Indonesia) to themselves and started to impose restrictive trade policies against the British. … Most of the British India-China trades went through this passageway. Hence, Raffles was convinced to find another port along the straits to thwart the Dutch.
Why is Singapore port so successful?
The Port of Singapore holds the title of world’s busiest container port because it handles the largest amount of total shipping tonnage. … Singapore’s strategic location has also helped in making it such a giant in the shipping industry. 20% of the world’s transshipment trade passes through the Port of Singapore.
Is Singapore still a free port today?
“The Port of Singapore is a free port, and the trade thereof is open to ships and vessels of every nation, equally and alike to all.” … Almost exactly two centuries later, Singapore remains one of the world’s busiest and most strategically important maritime hubs.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore.
How did the geography of the region contribute to the decision of British traders to establish the Port of Singapore?
How did the geography of the region contribute to the decision of British traders to establish the Port of Singapore in 1819? Singapore has easy access to fresh water. … Singapore is ideally located along shipping routes. Singapore has easy access to fresh water.
Why did Singapore decline as a trading port?
Temasek, the name for Singapore, emerged as an important port in the early 14th century. … By the end of the 14th century, however, Temasek had declined as a trading port. This was because the rise of the Ming dynasty caused trade to slow down, as China discouraged overseas trade through private merchants.
Why was Singapore so important to the British?
Singapore epitomised what the British Empire was all about – a strategically vital military base that protected Britain’s other Commonwealth possessions in the Far East.