In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.
When did Singapore become a British colony?
Colony of Singapore
|Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)|
|• 1959–1963||Lee Kuan Yew|
|Historical era||British Empire|
|• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements||1 April 1946|
|• Labuan transferred to North Borneo||15 July 1946|
Who did Singapore gain independence?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
What country owns Singapore?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak. The merger was thought to benefit the economy by creating a common, free market, and to improve Singapore’s internal security. However, it was an uneasy union.
Why did Britain give up Singapore?
In November 1967, the British were forced to devalue the pound due to mounting economic problems. This led to deep cuts to its government budget, and it became increasingly clear that the British government could no longer uphold its military commitment in Southeast Asia.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Is Singapore part of China?
In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.
|Republic of Singapore show 3 other official names|
|Ethnic groups (2020)||75.9% Chinese 15.0% Malay 7.5% Indian 1.6% Others|
Was Singapore colonized by Japan?
Japanese military forces occupied it after defeating the combined British, Indian, Australian, and Malayan garrison in the Battle of Singapore.
Japanese occupation of Singapore.
|Syonan-to 昭南島 Shōnantō|
|• Britain surrenders Singapore to Japan||15 February 1942|
|• Allied bombing raids||Nov 1944 – May 1945|
|• Surrender of Japan||15 August 1945|
Who built Singapore?
Lee Kuan Yew
|Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ DK|
|show Offices before 1965|
|Born||Harry Lee Kuan Yew16 September 1923 Singapore, Straits Settlements|
|Died||23 March 2015 (aged 91) Singapore|
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.