The Philippine Organic Act (c. 1369, 32 Stat. 691) was a basic law for the Insular Government that was enacted by the United States Congress on July 1, 1902. It is also known as the Philippine Bill of 1902 and the Cooper Act, after its author Henry A.
What is the purpose of the Philippine Organic Act of 1902?
In 1902 American forces suppressed a Filipino independence movement, and Congress passed the Philippines Organic Act to establish civilian control. Among other provisions, the act authorized two Filipino resident commissioners to represent the Philippine government in the U.S. Congress.
What was the organic law of 1917?
A key provision of the bill extended United States citizenship to residents of Puerto Rico. It expanded the legislature to include a popularly elected senate, but vested veto power with the U.S. President. This is the final version of the bill, signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on March 2, 1917.
Did Spain own the Philippines?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.
What is the purpose of organic law?
– The purpose of this Organic Law is to establish a political entity, provide for its basic structure of government in recognition of the justness and legitimacy of the cause of the Bansamoro people and the aspirations of Muslim Filipinos and all indigenous cultural communities in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in …
What is Philippine bill?
Bills are laws in the making. They pass into law when they are approved by both houses and the President of the Philippines. A bill may be vetoed by the President, but the House of Representatives may overturn a presidential veto by garnering a 2/3rds vote.
Who passed the Organic Act?
It was established in 1916 by an act of the U.S. Congress that was signed into law by U.S. Pres. Woodrow Wilson. The law stipulated that the new service was to “conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and… leave them unimpaired for…
What was the main decision that came from the Insular Cases?
The Insular Cases “authorized the colonial regime created by Congress, which allowed the United States to continue its administration—and exploitation—of the territories acquired from Spain after the Spanish–American War.” These Supreme Court rulings allowed for the United States government to extend unilateral power …
What did the Foraker Act do in 1900?
On April 2, 1900, U.S. President McKinley signed a civil law that established a civilian government in Puerto Rico. In addition, all federal laws of the United States were to be in effect on the island. … The first civil governor of the island under the Foraker Act was Charles H.