What is the legal basis for the West Philippine Sea territories?

In Philippine law, the West Philippine Sea refers only to the portions of the South China Sea which the Philippine government claims to be part of the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The naming of the area became official through Administrative Order No.

What is the basis of China’s claim to the West Philippine Sea?

It maintained its claim that the reef was part of China’s Nansha Islands and a “traditional fishing ground” for the Chinese “for many years.” Nansha is what China calls the Spratlys archipelago, which is composed of reefs, atolls and islets that straddle the South China Sea.

Historical/Legal Basis of Claims

The Philippines claims the Kalayaan Island Group on the assumption that after Japan renounced its title to the islands in the San Francisco Treaty of Peace of 1951, they reverted to being terra nullius because title was not explicitly passed to another state.

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Is the West Philippine Sea part of the territory of the Philippines under the Constitution?

The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the …

Is South China Sea and West Philippine Sea the same?

The West Philippine Sea is the part of the South China Sea that belongs to the Philippines but China is claiming it as its own.

Why is the West Philippine Sea important?

Its coral reefs span an area almost as large as Mindanao and account for 30% of the nation’s total coral reefs. Scientists have discovered hundreds of fish, coral, seagrass, and other marine life in the West Philippine Sea. Its marine biodiversity is among the highest in the world.

Why is Scarborough Shoal part of the Philippines?

It is a disputed territory claimed by the Republic of the Philippines through the 1734 Velarde map, while the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) claim it through the disputed nine-dash line (originally an eleven-dash line which included waters in the Gulf of Tonkin).

What is the basis of Philippines in claiming West Philippine Sea?

In Philippine law, the West Philippine Sea refers only to the portions of the South China Sea which the Philippine government claims to be part of the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The naming of the area became official through Administrative Order No.

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Who really owns South China Sea?

Since the two-day clash of arms between China and the former Republic of Vietnam (South) in January 1974, the Paracels have been firmly in Chinese control, while the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam are each holding a part of the Spratlies.

What made the Philippines win the case against China?

The tribunal’s ruling is certainly a legal victory for the Philippines over China as the judges agreed unanimously on almost all the questions submitted by the Philippines, including a declaration from the tribunal that China is obliged to comply with UNCLOS and that the award is legally binding on China.

Is South China Sea belong to Philippines?

About the South China Sea (SCS) … The two major archipelagos are known as the Paracel Islands, controlled by China, and the Spratly Islands. The entire Spratly Islands are claimed by Taiwan, Vietnam, and China, while Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines claim part of the archipelago.

Why Kalayaan island group is important to the Philippines?

about 30% of the total reef area of the Philippines. Most of these reefs are found in the Kalayaan Islands Group (KIG). The KIG is also a source of coral and fish larvae for neighboring reef systems along the western Palawan coast and as far as the Sulu Sea and the Indo-China coast.

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