Based on a joint United Nations visit to the Philippines in May 2018 and an extensive economic study conducted in cooperation with the Department of Health of the Philippines, the estimated cost of NCDs to the Philippine economy is equivalent to PHP 756.5 billion (US$ 14.5 billion) or about 4.8% of the national gross …
What is the burden of noncommunicable disease?
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. NCDs cause and perpetuate poverty while hindering economic development in low- and middle-income countries.
What are the factors leading to the increased burden of noncommunicable diseases in the Philippines?
This is not surprising since the data shows that 90% of Filipinos have one or more of the six prevalent risk factors to NCD; i.e., smoking, physical inactivity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, overweight and obesity.
What are the factors of noncommunicable diseases?
The rise of NCDs has been driven by primarily four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets. The epidemic of NCDs poses devastating health consequences for individuals, families and communities, and threatens to overwhelm health systems.
What is the burden of noncommunicable diseases in the US and worldwide?
Key facts. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally. Each year, more than 15 million people die from a NCD between the ages of 30 and 69 years; 85% of these “premature” deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Which disease is responsible for the most NCD deaths globally?
Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million), globally.
Why do we need to monitor noncommunicable diseases?
INVESTMENT IN NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVENTION AND CONTROL WILL SAVE LIVES AND CONTRIBUTE TO THE PHILIPPINES SAVING UP TO 4.8% OF ANNUAL GDP. … NCDs, which include diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, stroke and chronic respiratory diseases, account for 68% of all deaths in the Philippines.
What are the top 10 diseases in the Philippines?
- Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection and Pneumonia** 677,563. 875.8. 776,562. …
- Bronchitis/Bronchiolitis. 669,246. 866.4. 719,982. …
- Acute watery diarrhea. 792,479. 1027.0. 577,518. …
- Influenza. 486,481. 629.6. 379,910. …
- Hypertension. 287,368. 370.5. …
- TB Respiratory. 117,712. 152.6. …
- Chicken Pox. 77,020. 38.9. …
- Diseases of the Heart. 49,160. 63.8.
What are 4 uncontrollable risk factors?
The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age) Gender (men develop CAD 10 years earlier than women)
The “controllable” risk factors are:
- High blood pressure.
- High blood cholesterol.
- High blood sugar (diabetes)
- Obesity and overweight.
- Obesity and Overweight.
- Physical inactivity.
What are the three main risk factors for NCD?
Most NCDs are preventable
Four out of five people with an NCD live in a LMIC. Driven largely by four main modifiable risk factors – tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and harmful use of alcohol – NCDs are a major cause of poverty and a barrier to economic and social development.
What are three risk factors that can cause noncommunicable diseases?
Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases. The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1).