Why were the Dutch Interested in Indonesia?
This Dutch trading company had been a major power in Asian trade since the early 1600s, but started to develop an interest to interfere in indigenous politics on the island of Java in the 18th century as that would improve their hold on the local economy.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
How did Dutch take over Indonesia?
In 1602, the Dutch parliament awarded the VOC a monopoly on trade and colonial activities in the region at a time before the company controlled any territory in Java. In 1619, the VOC conquered the West Javan city of Jayakarta, where they founded the city of Batavia (present-day Jakarta).
What commodities were the Dutch seeking in Indonesia?
The Dutch introduced coffee, tea, cacao, tobacco and rubber and large expanses of Java became plantations cultivated by Javanese peasants, collected by Chinese intermediaries, and sold on overseas markets by European merchants.
How did the Portuguese lose control of the spice trade to the Dutch?
The Battle of Carracks Island in 1615 off the coast of Malacca, destroyed Portuguese naval power in the Southeast Indies leading to the loss of naval supremacy to the Dutch, in the crucial route between Goa and Macau.
Why did the Dutch power decline in India?
The Dutch power decline in India following the Kew letters followed by the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Explanation: The first half of the eighteenth century saw an increase in Dutch business over India, however, the second half resulted in an opposite turn back and they lost their influence over the land.