Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships. Most importantly, it was unoccupied by the Dutch.
Why did the British establish a trading post in Singapore?
The area was under the charge of the Dutch and Bugis, who would never agree to a British base in Singapore. … The British offered to recognise Tengku Hussein as the rightful Sultan of Johor with a yearly payment, in return for the right for the British East India Company to establish a trading post in Singapore.
What were raffles concerns about setting up a trading post in Singapore in 1819?
In his letter to Lord Hastings on 8 Jan 1819, Raffles clearly feared that the Dutch “will extend their inﬂuences over the whole of the ancient territories of Johor” and stated his belief that the island of Singapore would be a better place for a port settlement as it is more conveniently located “for the protection of …
Why was Singapore suitable as a trading port?
Singapore’s excellent location along the Maritime Silk Road meant it was easy for traders to stop by with goods. When Singapore was set up as a free port in 1819, it allowed goods to be traded freely without anyone having to pay heavy fees. … When sea trade increased, so did businesses and jobs.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Why was Singapore once thought to be an impregnable fortress before being invaded by the Japanese?
A naval base was constructed in Sembawang and huge guns were emplaced in strategic locations along Singapore’s coastlines to fend off possible naval attacks which made people believe that Singapore had good defence and was a safe country. Hence, people thought that Singapore was an impregnable fortress.
How did Stamford Raffles manage to set up a trading post in Singapore?
With the Temenggong’s help, Raffles smuggled Tengku Hussein to Singapore. He offered to recognize Hussein as the rightful Sultan of Johor, and provide him with a yearly payment; in return, Hussein would grant the British East India Company the right to establish a trading post on Singapore.
Is Singapore still a free port today?
“The Port of Singapore is a free port, and the trade thereof is open to ships and vessels of every nation, equally and alike to all.” … Almost exactly two centuries later, Singapore remains one of the world’s busiest and most strategically important maritime hubs.
Is Singapore port owned by China?
Today, the agreement is transferred from the Port of Singapore Authority to China Overseas Ports Holding Company Limited,” President Asif Ali Zardari announced. … China paid about 75% of the initial $250 million used to build the port but in 2007 PSA International won a 40-year operating lease.