How does the Philippines Constitution versus international law define our national territory?
“Our domestic law is anchored on our Constitution which defines our national territory to include ‘other submarine areas’ over which the Philippines has ‘sovereignty OR jurisdiction,'” said Carpio. International law states that the Philippines has “sovereignty” over its territorial sea and “jurisdiction” over its EEZ.
How is a national territory defined?
National territory is the space delimited by that nation’s borders. Within the territory, the state of that nation owns and has supreme legislative, executive, and judicial powers.
Why is it important to define our national territory?
Value of provision defining our national territory. … Value of provisio n defining our national territory . It is important to know so that we and the other nations would know the boundaries of our country. the Philippines can promulgate and enforce its laws within our country.
What is the territorial limits of the Philippines?
The Philippines, being entirely surrounded by the sea, is the only Southeast Asian country which shares no land boundaries with its neighbors. The total land area of the Philippines is 300,055 square kilometres which stretches for 1,850 kilometres from north to south while spanning 1,100 kilometres from east to west.
What is effective national territory?
The first, called the effective national territory or ENT, is that portion of state territory where the central authority has control and can exercise coercive power. Within this regional unit would be the capital. The second unit is the noneffective national territory or N-ENT.
What basis could you considered in determining the national territory of a state?
The fundamental position of the Philippines regarding the extent of its territorial and maritime boundaries is based on two contentious premises: first, that the limits of its national territory are the boundaries laid down in the 1898 Treaty of Paris which ceded the Philippines from Spain to the United States; and …
What are the four elements of state?
The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population (people); (b) a defined territory; (c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or sovereignty).
What is natural rights in the Philippines?
1. We have the natural right to life and liberty and are equal in dignity. Equal concern and respect for these basic rights should be guaranteed, protected and upheld by the State. 2.
What is Bill of Rights in the Philippines?
Article III of the Philippine Constitution is the Bill of Rights. It establishes the relationship of the individual to the State and defines the rights of the individual by limiting the lawful powers of the State. It is one of the most important political achievements of the Filipinos.
What is the 12 mile rule?
Breadth of the territorial sea. Every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles, measured from baselines determined in accordance with this Convention.
What are included in the national territory of the Philippines?
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the …
What are the 3 components of a territory?
In the first section the concept of territorial governance is presented. Its three main components –cognitive, socio-political, and organizational-technological– are presented in the second section.