Urbanization in Indonesia increased tremendously following the country’s rapid development in the 1970s. Since then, Indonesia has been facing high urbanization rates driven by rural-urban migration. In 1950, 15% of Indonesia’s population lived in urban areas.
What caused Urbanisation in Indonesia?
In addition, rapid urbanization in Jakarta was generated by an influx of migrants from other parts of the nation, particularly from poor regions of Java Island. Poverty in rural areas of Java became a factor that pushed people from rural areas to urban ones.
What was the main cause of urbanization?
Causes of urbanization include: Industrial Growth: The explosion of industrialization and manufacturing enterprises within a certain urban area gives rise to more employment opportunities — which is another factor of urbanization. … Modernization: New technology upgrades the infrastructure of urban areas.
What are 3 effects of urbanization?
Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments.
What are the two main causes of Urbanisation?
What causes urbanisation?
- Rural to urban migration is happening on a massive scale due to population pressure and lack of resources in rural areas. These are ‘push’ factors.
- People living in rural areas are ‘pulled’ to the city. …
- Natural increase caused by a decrease in death rates while birth rates remain high.
What are the positive impacts of urbanization?
People find much better amenities in cities and towns. There are better facilities such as the likes of housing, sanitation, education, healthcare, living standards, and recreation. Such things act as an incentive for people to move into urban areas from rural regions.
Is urbanization good or bad?
Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions. … Urbanization has a major negative impact on the nutritional health of poor populations.