In the 19th and early 20th centuries, only Thailand survived European colonial threat in Southeast Asia due to centralising reforms enacted by King Chulalongkorn and because the French and the British decided it would be a neutral territory to avoid conflicts between their colonies.
Was Thailand ever a colony?
Formerly known as Siam, the Kingdom of Thailand was never a European colony, although it was sometimes under Chinese or Japanese influence. 5. … In addition, through adroit diplomacy and selective modernization, King Chulalongkorn, who reigned 1868-1910, did his part to save Thailand from European colonization.
What is the only country that has never been colonized?
Depending on how you define it, the only countries that were never colonies are Liberia, Ethiopia, Japan, Thailand, Bhutan, Iran, Nepal, Tonga, China, and possibly North Korea, South Korea and Mongolia. Some historians nitpick over this list.
Why didn’t Japan invade Thailand?
It was because of their “clever” that Japanese requested it prior to directly invading them. The British didn’t invade Thailand because they were clever to co-operate with them. Same happened when Japan turned disadvantaged in the Pacific war, they allied with the US.
Who colonized Japan?
Japan’s first encounter with Western colonialism was with Portugal in the mid-sixteenth century. The Portuguese brought Catholicism and the new technology of gun and gunpowder into Japan. The latter changed the way samurai rulers fought wars, and accelerated the process of national unification.
How did Siam avoid colonization?
Of all the countries in Southeast Asia, Siam (or Thailand) was the only one to avoid being colonized by a European power. … By getting these concessions (mostly to do with trade) the British got what they wanted from Siam without having to do to the expense of maintaining colonial rule.