Seasonal downpours cause frequent landslides and floods, killing dozens each year in Indonesia, a chain of 17,000 islands where millions of people live in mountainous areas or near fertile flood plains.
What causes flood in Indonesia?
The causes of floods in Indonesia are mainly attributed to three factors: loss of tree cover, extreme weather and topography (Sulaeman, Pradana & Hamzah, 2019). … Without tree covers to facilitate water absorption by soil, sudden increase of water volume from extreme rainfall becomes uncontainable and leads to flooding.
Why is Jakarta prone to flooding?
Jakarta is home to 10 million people, with a total of 30 million in its greater metropolitan area. It is prone to earthquakes and flooding and is rapidly sinking due to uncontrolled extraction of groundwater.
Where are the floods in Indonesia?
Communities in West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Provinces of Indonesia have endured days of flooding where homes have been submerged and thousands of families evacuated. The flood situation for many areas has been ongoing since 13 July 2021.
How can we stop flooding in Indonesia?
Jakarta floods: Cloud seeding used to try to stop rain
- Indonesian authorities are turning to the technique of cloud seeding to try to stop more rain falling in the flood-hit capital Jakarta.
- Planes have been sent to inject chemicals into clouds in an effort to alter precipitation.
What is meant by flash flood?
Flooding that begins within 6 hours, and often within 3 hours, of the heavy rainfall (or other cause). Flash Floods can be caused by a number of things, but is most often due to extremely heavy rainfall from thunderstorms. … Flash Flooding occurs so quickly that people are caught off-guard.
What are effects of flooding?
Floods have large social consequences for communities and individuals. As most people are well aware, the immediate impacts of flooding include loss of human life, damage to property, destruction of crops, loss of livestock, and deterioration of health conditions owing to waterborne diseases.