The first Europeans to establish themselves in Indonesia were the Portuguese in 1512. Following disruption of Dutch access to spices, the first Dutch expedition set sail for the East Indies in 1595 to access spices directly from Asia. When it made a 400% profit on its return, other Dutch expeditions soon followed.
When did Dutch come to Indonesia?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.
How did the Dutch influence Indonesia?
Traces of Dutch influences in Indonesia include Dutch origin loanwords in Indonesian and cuisine. Some Indonesian dishes have been adopted and, in turn, influenced Dutch cuisine. … Another legacy of colonial rule in Indonesia is the legal system that was inherited from the Dutch.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
How did the Portuguese lose control of the spice trade to the Dutch?
The Battle of Carracks Island in 1615 off the coast of Malacca, destroyed Portuguese naval power in the Southeast Indies leading to the loss of naval supremacy to the Dutch, in the crucial route between Goa and Macau.
Why did the Dutch power decline in India?
The Dutch power decline in India following the Kew letters followed by the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Explanation: The first half of the eighteenth century saw an increase in Dutch business over India, however, the second half resulted in an opposite turn back and they lost their influence over the land.