As the primary motivation for the first phase was the mere accumulation of wealth, the reasons for and degree of European interference during the second phase are dictated by geo-strategic rivalries, the need to defend and grow spheres of interest, competition for commercial outlets, long term control of resources and …
Why did Europe colonize Southeast Asia?
Rubber and Oil. As the world entered the years before World War II, another major reason for European involvement in Southeast Asia emerged. Oil was discovered throughout Indonesia and Malaysia, and the climate was perfect for growing trees for rubber. Before, Southeast Asia had been a land that required protection.
When did European powers start to Colonise SE Asia?
The age of colonialism began about 1500, following the European discoveries of a sea route around Africa’s southern coast (1488) and of America (1492). European, American, and Asian powers colonized SEA. The major European colonizers in SEA included Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Britain, and France.
What was the purpose of European colonies?
The purpose of colonization was to serve as a source of inexpensive labor and natural resources. The outcome of these colonies was never intended, culture development. This led to large trade enterprises and economical benefits for colonial powers.
What European countries colonized Southeast Asia?
Over the course of the nineteenth century, Southeast Asia is colonized by Britain, France, and Holland.
When were European countries kicked out of Asia?
Between 1945 and 1960, three dozen new states in Asia and Africa achieved autonomy or outright independence from their European colonial rulers. There was no one process of decolonization. In some areas, it was peaceful, and orderly. In many others, independence was achieved only after a protracted revolution.
How did imperialism impact Southeast Asia?
How did imperialism impact southeast Asia? Southeast Asian economies became based on cash crops. Roads, harbors, rail systems, and improved communication was established. Education, health, and sanitation improved.
What country suffered the most from Western imperialism?
Africa suffered the most from imperialism unlike.
What are the 3 religions that dominate Southeast Asia?
Mainland Southeast Asia has been termed the “crossroad of religions,” for in this region, today divided into the countries of Burma, Thailand, and Laos, Cambodia (Kampuchea), and Vietnam, a large diversity of autochthonous tribal religions are intermingled with Hinduism, Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism, Daoism, …
Which country took control of most of Southeast Asia during WWII?
Burma. Japan’s conquests in Southeast Asia during the first half of 1942 extended as far west as Burma. Britain, along with its colonial armies in India, took responsibility for containing this portion of the conflict.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
There are three main reasons for European Exploration. Them being for the sake of their economy, religion and glory. They wanted to improve their economy for instance by acquiring more spices, gold, and better and faster trading routes. Also, they really believed in the need to spread their religion, Christianity.
What would have happened if the Americas were never colonized?
If Europeans never colonized and invaded America, the native nations and tribes would continue to interact in trade. … Eventually, trade with East Asia and Europe would introduce new technologies and animals into the continent and tribes would quickly grow into nations.