European nations also grabbed land in Southeast Asia and the islands on the edge of the Paciﬁc Ocean. They wanted the area for its resources and because it was close to China. The United States joined this quest for colonies. … Plantation farming brought millions of people from other areas to Southeast Asia.
Why did European countries desire land in Southeast Asia?
The Europeans were interested in colonizing Southeast Asia for the same basic reasons that they wanted to colonize the other regions of the world. But with Southeast Asia, there was a new reason for wanting to colonize– it was a backdoor to China.
Why did Europe take over Asia?
Before the Industrial Revolution in the mid-to-late 19th century, demand for oriental goods such as porcelain, silk, spices and tea remained the driving force behind European imperialism. The Western European stake in Asia remained confined largely to trading stations and strategic outposts necessary to protect trade.
What were the main outcomes of the new imperialism in Southeast Asia?
Impact of Imperialism on Southeast Asia
Southeast Asian economies became based on cash crops. Roads, harbors, rail systems, and improved communication was established. Education, health, and sanitation improved. Millions of people, from different ethnic groups, changed the racial makeup of Southeast Asia.
Who colonized Southeast Asia?
Over the course of the nineteenth century, Southeast Asia is colonized by Britain, France, and Holland.
Which changes came to Southeast Asia as a result of European colonization?
The correct answers are: b. new interest in mining for gold and silver; … The French changed that, and they encouraged, or rather forced, the mining of the gold and silver again, which brought them a lot of wealth.
What was the impact of colonialism in Southeast Asia?
The impact of colonialism was felt in the economic, social and political domains. In some cases, western powers destroyed local indigenous democracies even as they attempted to implant western values. Colonialism practically meant a government run by stodgy and autocratic bureaucrats.
How did Europe get so powerful?
Trade was the driving force in making Europe into the dominant world power as it was the midwife for Europe’s superior technology and institutions. And Europe’s trade happened because their food was quite terrible and they were hungry for spices to make their food tastier.
What did Asia have that Europe wanted to buy?
Spices from Asia, such as pepper and cinnamon, were very important to the Europeans, but other items Europeans coveted included silk and tea from China, as well as Chinese porcelains. … Spices were one of the first commodities that Europeans wanted to get from Asia in large quantities.
Why did Europe progress faster than Africa?
The short answer: Europe profited off of the backs of slave labor, due to the Atlantic Slave Trade, where they took people from Africa who were traditional slaves to other African tribes (meaning they were slaves of wars between tribes—Old World kind of slaves who could earn their freedom easily like the Romans had …