After going back and forth with different names, it is believed to be George Samuel Windsor Earl, a British ethnologist, who first coined the term ‘Indunesia’ and introduced it into scientific discourse in 1850. ‘Indus’ was derived from the ‘Indies’ while ‘nesia’ is Greek for ‘islands’ (nesos).
Who first came to Indonesia?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.
What is the nickname of Indonesia?
That is why Indonesia is called as the emerald of the equator.
Is Borneo a part of Indonesia?
Covering an area of roughly 287,000 square miles, Borneo is the third-largest island in the world. It is divided into four political regions: Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia; Sabah and Sarawak are part of Malaysia; a small remaining region comprises the sultanate of Brunei.
What is the race of Indonesia?
|Ethnic groups||Population (million)||Main Regions|
|Sundanese||31.765||West Java, Banten, Lampung|
|Malay||8.789||Sumatra eastern coast, West Kalimantan|
|Madurese||6.807||Madura island, East Java|