Vietnam was ruled by the Chinese for over a thousand years from 111 BC – 938 AD. As a result, the official written language was Classical Chinese, known as Chữ-nho ( 儒) in Vietnamese, which continued to be used in Vietnam, in parallel with Chữ-nôm ( 喃) and Quốc Ngữ, until about 1918.
When did chu nom stop being used?
Chữ Nôm was only used in offcial documents for less than a year during the reign of Emperor Quang Trung. However, Chữ Hán was used throughout history (with the exception of a short period during emperor Quang Trung when Chữ Nôm was added) in the official documents until 1920 and gradually decreased to non use.
Why did Vietnam stop using chu nom?
Some people in China and Japan also promoting a similar idea, but it was not successfully implemented. Instead they ended up simplified the exiting system. The main reason for switching in Vietnam is because Chu Nom is not mature enough as a writing system itself.
Are Vietnamese Chinese?
The Vietnamese people or Kinh people (Vietnamese: người Kinh) are a Southeast Asian ethnic group originally native to modern-day Northern Vietnam and South China. The native language is Vietnamese, the most widely spoken Austroasiatic language.
Is Vietnamese Old Chinese?
Vietnamese contains a lot of words adopted from the languages of China as a result of centuries during which Vietnam was part of the Chinese Empire and as a result of trade and cultural ties of the Vietnamese with the Chinese.
Is Vietnamese similar to Chinese?
Vietnamese has borrowed a lot of Chinese vocabulary, like Korean and Japanese have as well, and that might help a fair bit. But ultimately, Vietnamese and Chinese are completely unrelated and the gap is probably not much smaller than between that of English and Chinese or Swahili and Nahuatl.
What was the original Vietnamese alphabet?
Quoc-ngu, (Vietnamese: “national language”) writing system used for the Vietnamese language. Quoc-ngu was devised in the mid 17th century by Portuguese missionaries who modified the Roman alphabet with accents and signs to suit the particular consonants, vowels, and tones of Vietnamese.
What is the significance of Chữ Nôm?
Significance: It was associated with new images of female beauty & eroticism that emphasized small size, delicacy, & reticence all of which were produced by foot binding. During the Tang dynasty it was spread widely among elite families.
When was Chữ Nôm invented?
Although Chữ Nôm was firstly invented in 2 AD, it had not been widely used until 15th century, when Ho Dynasty (1400–1407) set Chữ Hán Nôm as the official writing system.