The Philippine swine industry is ranked eighth in the world in terms of the volume of pork production and number of breeding sows. It plays a major role in ensuring the country’s food security by providing about 60 percent of the total animal meat consumption of the Filipinos.
What is the status of swine industry in the Philippines?
In 2020, the Philippines hog production totaled an estimated 2.14 million metric tons, liveweight (-6.7% lower than the 2019 output.) Batangas was the highest producing province with an output of 161.19 thousand metric tons liveweight, followed by Bulacan (141.75 thousand tons), and Bukidnon (126.04 thousand tons).
Why is swine production important?
Swine are valuable for their flesh, prepared as ham, bacon, and pork, and for their fat (lard); they also provide many other products, e.g., leather for gloves, footballs, and other articles, and bristles for brushes. Hogs are commonly grouped as meat-type or lard-type, with the former dominating the U.S. farms.
What is the importance of knowing the different breeds of swine?
For many producers, these distinct breeds will help them build a productive crossbreeding system for market pigs. When two animals of very different genetic backgrounds (in livestock, this means different breeds) breed, their offspring will perform better than either of its parents would suggest.
What are the factors affecting the production performance of swine in the Philippines?
Although the major factors affecting pig performance are known [2–4], such as genetics, nutrition and feeding, housing conditions and health, studies relating these variables with each other, especially genetics to nutrition and feeding [5, 6] and health  are scarce.
What is the best breed of pig in the Philippines?
Lastly, the Philippine native pig is a breed that’s resilient against sickness and can survive in natural environments or with natural farming practices. Paulican said that the best breeds to use as sows are gilts are the landrace, large white, and Hampshire. As for the boars, the Duroc and pietrain are good options.
What are the issues in the pork industry in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, diseases like Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS), Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED), and Transmissible Gastro Enteritis (TGE) affected practically all classes of pigs, including breeder stocks.
What are the 3 types of swine operations?
Three Enterprises and Characteristics. Three types of swine production enterprises are farrow- to-finish, farrow-to-feeder, and feeder-to-finish. No single blueprint exists for these systems.
What are the 4 types of swine operations?
Types of Swine Operations
- breeding and gestation.
- farrowing and Weaning.
What are the problems of swine industry?
The major constraint faced by the farmers include high cost of concentrate feed (81.08%), non availability of proper veterinary health care (72.97%), high cost of initial inputs and lack of quality piglet (60.36%), frequent outbreak of diseases (46.85%), lack of availability good breeding boar (45.95%), lack of market …