Although the accords stipulated that the line “should not in any way be interpreted as constituting a political or territorial boundary,” the rest of the agreement was not carried out, and the 17th parallel became the practical political boundary between North and South Vietnam.
What is the importance of the 17th parallel?
The Seventeenth parallel was the provisional military demarcation line between North and South Vietnam established by the Geneva Accords of 1954. The Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone was a demilitarized zone established as a dividing line between North and South Vietnam as a result of the First Indo-China War.
What role did the 17th parallel play in the Vietnam War quizlet?
The 17th parallel was buffered by a demilitarized zone, or DMZ, between the two countries. A chemical herbicide and defoliant that U.S. forces sprayed extensively in order to kill vegetation in the Vietnamese jungle and expose Viet Cong hideouts.
Why did Vietnam split into North and south?
The Geneva Accords in 1954 partitioned the country temporarily in two with a promise of democratic elections in 1956 to reunite the country. However, the United States and South Vietnam insisted on United Nations supervision of any election to prevent fraud, which the Soviet Union and North Vietnam refused.
What does the 17th parallel separate?
The dividing line between North Vietnam and South Vietnam as established by the 1954 Geneva Conference. The 17th parallel was buffered by a demilitarized zone, or DMZ, between the two countries.
What does the 17th parallel line separate?
The Seventeenth parallel (Vietnamese: vĩ tuyến 17) was the provisional military demarcation line between North and South Vietnam established by the Geneva Accords of 1954.
What is the 17th parallel Cold war?
Seventeenth parallel, the provisional military demarcation line established in Vietnam by the Geneva Accords (1954). … Extending for 3 miles (5 km) on either side of the demarcation line was a demilitarized zone (DMZ), also called for by the Geneva agreement.
What were two consequences of the Vietnam War?
The most immediate effect of the Vietnam War was the staggering death toll. The war killed an estimated 2 million Vietnamese civilians, 1.1 million North Vietnamese troops and 200,000 South Vietnamese troops. During the air war, America dropped 8 million tons of bombs between 1965 and 1973.
Why did the French lose in Vietnam?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. … Duncanson records that Indochina once constituted the Associated States of Indochina – being Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Is Vietnam still divided?
The Vietnam War’s north-south division officially ended 31 years ago. … Vast cultural differences divide the former republics of North and South Vietnam. Hanoi is as far from Ho Chi Minh City, the former Saigon, as New York City is from Atlanta.