Dengue, the world’s most important mosquito-borne viral disease, is endemic in the Philippines. During 2008–2012, the country’s Department of Health reported an annual average of 117,065 dengue cases, placing the country fourth in dengue burden in southeast Asia.
Is dengue only in the Philippines?
Dengue can be caused by any of four viral serotypes (DENV 1–4); symptoms range from asymptomatic or mild febrile illness to severe dengue and, in some cases, death. Dengue is a major public health problem in the Philippines and is endemic in all regions of the country.
How prevalent is dengue in the Philippines?
Through the end of May this year, the Philippines has reported a cumulative total of 50,169 dengue cases with 173 deaths — 43% lower compared to the 92,808 cases with 452 deaths reported in the same period in 2019. But the threat of dengue still exists.
Is dengue transmitted by kissing?
When taking a blood meal, an infected female mosquito injects its saliva into the human host to prevent the host’s blood from clotting and to ease feeding. This injection of saliva infects the host with the dengue virus.
Is there a dengue vaccine?
Dengue vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent dengue fever in humans. Development of dengue vaccines began in the 1920s, but was hindered by the need to create immunity against all four dengue serotypes. As of 2021, one version is commercially available, known as CYD-TDV, and sold under the brand name Dengvaxia.
Who is most at risk for dengue?
Being in tropical and subtropical areas increases your risk of exposure to the virus that causes dengue fever. Especially high-risk areas include Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America and Africa. You have had dengue fever in the past.
How many died in dengue in Philippines?
Number of deaths from dengue Philippines 2009-2018
The number of deaths caused by dengue in the Philippines reached over two thousand in 2018. That was 496 cases more than the previous year. The number of deaths caused by the disease fluctuated in the past decade.
How can we prevent dengue in the Philippines?
The DOH renewed its call to the public to prevent dengue by implementing the enhanced 4-S strategy in their households such as Search and destroy mosquito-breeding sites, Self-protection measures like wearing long pants and long sleeved shirts and daily use of mosquito repellent, Seek early consultation, and Support …
How bad is dengue in the Philippines?
The Philippines is also one of the countries reporting high number of cases globally to date. As of 6 February 2021, 6,614 dengue cases have been reported in 2021, including 20 deaths (CFR 0.3%). The number of cases in this period is 77% lower compared to the 29,184 cases reported in the same period in 2020.
Why is the Philippines prone to dengue?
Dengue is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, common in all parts of the Philippines. The rainy season, typically June to February, is the peak period for dengue as water collects in blocked gutters and street drains, turning them into breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
When are mosquitoes most active in Philippines?
Malaria-carrying Anopheles mosquitoes are most active between dusk and dawn while dengue-carrying Aedes aegypti bites primarily during the day, and is most active for approximately two hours after sunrise and several hours before sunset.