What are the different periods in the evolution of Philippine literature?
To answer these questions, this paper looks into five major literary traditions of Philippine literature — Native, Islamic, Spanish, American, and Nationalist – which in turn belong to any of the three historical periods of Philippine history: Pre-Colonial, Colonial, and Post-Colonial.
What are the literary genre of Philippine literature under the pre-colonial period?
LITERATURE. Philippine folk tales, epics, poems, and chants existed in most ethnolinguistic groups and were passed from generation to generation through word of mouth. Biag ni Lam-ang (Life of Lam-ang) of the Ilocanos narrates the adventures of epic hero, Lam-ang.
What happened in pre-colonial period in Philippines?
Pre-colonial Philippine societies relied more on swidden agriculture than intensive permanent agriculture. For example, in pre-colonial Visayas, the staple crops such as rice, millet, bananas and root crops were grown in swiddens (kaingin).
How did literature start in the Philippines?
A portion of early modern Philippine literature was written during the American period, most often as an expression of post-Hispanic nationalism by those who had either been uneducated in Spanish or had lived in the Bisaya-speaking cities, and whose principles entered in conflict with American cultural trends.
What is pre colonial meaning?
: existing or occurring before an area undergoes colonization precolonial America precolonial cultures.
What is post colonial period in the Philippines?
The Postcolonial Meets the “Ethnic” United States
U.S colonial rule of the archipelago was loosened during the Commonwealth Period of 1935-1946, a period after which the Philippines gained its independence.
What was the Philippines before colonization?
Prior to Spanish colonization in 1521, the Filipinos had a rich culture and were trading with the Chinese and the Japanese. Spain’s colonization brought about the construction of Intramuros in 1571, a “Walled City” comprised of European buildings and churches, replicated in different parts of the archipelago.
Who first colonized the Philippines?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.