The delta has been occupied as early as the 4th century BC. As a product of Khmer, Vietnamese, Chinese, and French settlement in the region, the delta and its waterways have numerous names, including the Khmer term Bassac to refer to the lower basin and the largest river branch flowing through it.
How old is the Mekong River?
Granite samples collected from the Mekong River Valley reveal that the river’s path was incised roughly 17 million years ago, most likely by increased erosion from monsoon precipitation. Estimates of the age of this mighty river, one of the world’s largest, are wildly inconsistent.
When did Vietnam conquer the Mekong Delta?
In the 15–17th centuries, following the Fourth Chinese domination of Vietnam (1407–1427), the Vietnamese defeated the less-centralized state of Champa and seized its capital in the 1471 Cham–Vietnamese War. By the 17–19th centuries, Vietnamese settlers had penetrated the Mekong Delta.
How was the Mekong Delta formed?
As the Mekong River approaches Vietnam’s East Sea (South China Sea), the river channel becomes less steep, the river waters lose their carrying capac- ity, and sediments are deposited to form the Mekong Delta.
Is the Mekong River dangerous?
Two leading experts on water issues in Asia warn that parts of Vietnam’s fertile southernmost areas bordering Southeast Asia’s longest river, the Mekong, are in danger of drying up. … In recent years, China, Laos, and Cambodia have all built dams that obstruct natural water flows.
Does the Mekong River have crocodiles?
The Mekong, its floodplains and tributaries support huge collections of unique flora and fauna including, critically endangered freshwater Irrawaddy dolphins, the world’s largest freshwater fish – the Giant freshwater stingray – giant turtles, Mekong giant catfish, waterbirds, and Siamese crocodiles.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
Why did the French want Vietnam?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
What is special about the Mekong River?
The Mekong River is the 12th longest river in the world, flowing from high up in the Tibetan Plateau, all the way to the South China Sea, some 4,500 km from its source. It drains an area of almost 800,000 km squared and traverses multiple countries, including China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Why do people from Laos call the Mekong mother Mekong?
Mother Mekong | WWF. Generations of fishermen have depended on the Mekong River’s bounty. Now, overfishing and proposed dams threaten the ecosystem and the well-being of millions of people in six countries. … “We call the river mae nam khon, which in Lao means Mother Mekong, because it gives us so much in our life.”