Although estimates vary widely, conservative studies suggest more than a million hectares (2.4 million acres) of Indonesian rainforest is cleared and lost each year, with about 70% occurring in forests on mineral soils and 30% on carbon-rich peatland forests.
Why are 80% of Indonesia’s rainforests being destroyed?
Large areas of forest in Indonesia have been cleared by large multinational pulp companies, such as Asia Pulp and Paper, and replaced by plantations. Forests are often burned by farmers and plantation owners. Another major source of deforestation is the logging industry, driven by demand from China and Japan.
What percent of Indonesia is rainforest?
According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.
Why are rainforests in Indonesia being destroyed?
Despite government regulations Indonesia’s forests are still being cleared for palm oil, pulp wood, logging and mining. Palm oil continues to be one of the leading drivers of deforestation and Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil.
How bad is Indonesia deforestation?
A recent study, not yet peer-reviewed, has also attributed the slowing deforestation rate in Indonesia to declining oil palm plantation expansion and lower palm oil prices. … “In 2019, Indonesia produced timber from 8.4 million hectares [20.7 million acres] of natural forests.
How much rainforest has been lost since 1985?
A separate paper, published in Water by WWF-Brazil and Imazon, found that the Amazon Basin has been losing an average of 35,000 hectares of surface water per year since 1985 due to dam construction, deforestation, and dry trends.
Is Indonesia mostly covered in rainforest?
Indonesia has the third largest area of rainforests. Only Brazil and the Democratic Republic have more rainforest. Indonesia is made up of more than 17,500 islands, but the majority of its rainforest is found on just four: Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and New Guinea.