Malaysia comprises 13 states and 3 federal territories. Each state has its own written constitution, legislative assembly, and executive council, which is responsible to the legislative assembly and headed by a chief minister.
What is federal list in Malaysia?
Matters under the Federal List include foreign relations, defence, internal security, civil and criminal laws, citizenship, finance, trade, shipping, transport and communications, medical and health, welfare of Orang Asli and tourism.
Is federal territory a state?
A federal territory is an area that is part of a federation but not part of any federated state. The federated states constitute the federation itself and share sovereignty with the federal government, while a territory does not have sovereign status.
Is Malaysia a federal country?
Malaysia is a federation of 13 states operating within a constitutional monarchy under the Westminster system and is categorised as a representative democratic. The federal government of Malaysia adheres to and is created by the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the supreme law of the land.
Which state has no Sultan in Malaysia?
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the head of Islam in his own state, the four states without rulers (Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak) and the Federal Territories.
Who will create law in Malaysia?
(1) Subject to the following provisions of this Article the executive authority of the Federation extends to all matters with respect to which Parliament may make laws, and the executive authority of a State to all matters with respect to which the Legislature of that State may make laws.
What is the difference between state and federal territory?
A territory is an area which is under the control of another state or government and does not have sovereignty while a state is also known as a country or an organized political organization which enjoys sovereignty. … A state monopolizes control over its territories through legitimate force while a territory does not.
Which is the smallest state in Malaysia?
The West Coast states (from north to south) are:
- Perlis — Malaysia’s smallest state.
- Kedah — the rice paddy (padi) state, also contains Langkawi island.
- Penang — popular resort island, with the charming capital George Town.
- Perak — once rich in tin.
- Selangor — Malaysia’s most populous and developed state.
Does Borneo belong to Malaysia?
Covering an area of roughly 287,000 square miles, Borneo is the third-largest island in the world. It is divided into four political regions: Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia; Sabah and Sarawak are part of Malaysia; a small remaining region comprises the sultanate of Brunei.