Indonesia boasts the second highest level of biodiversity in the world. It is one of the 17 megadiverse countries and has two of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots, 18 World Wildlife Fund’s “Global 200” ecoregions and 24 of Bird Life International’s Endemic Bird Areas.
Does Indonesia have a lot of biodiversity?
Indonesia’s rainforests are home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. Spread over 18,000 islands, Indonesia contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest after the Amazon and Africa’s Congo Basin.
Why is Indonesia biodiverse?
A global biodiversity hotspot
Located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the country straddles the equator and has a hot, humid tropical climate. It also has more volcanoes than any other country in the world, many of which are active.
Is Indonesia a biodiversity hotspot?
Indonesia is one of the megadiverse countries of the world, encompassing two biodiversity hotspots (Sundaland and Wallacea) and one tropical forest wilderness (the island of New Guinea).
What percentage of Indonesia is rainforest?
According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.
Indonesia Forest Information and Data.
|Total Land Area (1000 ha)||181157|
|Percent other wooded land||12|
Does Bali tiger?
The Bali tiger was extinct in the 1930s and Java tiger in 1970s. Today, fewer than 400 Sumatran tigers exist. The last of Indonesia’s tigers are holding on for survival against deforestation, poaching, and human-tiger conflicts.
Tiger (Panthera tigris)
|THREATS||Poaching and deforestation|
Which country has the most biodiversity loss?
Australia is one of seven countries responsible for more than half of global biodiversity loss, according to a study published today.
What types of ecosystems are in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s vast land area consists of a variety of ecological regions. Some of the ecological regions are Borneo montane rain forests, Buru rain forests, Lesser Sundas deciduous forests, New Guinea mangroves, Sumatran freshwater swamp forests, and Sumba deciduous forests.