The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. … This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.
What is considered biodiversity hotspot?
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
What can say about why Philippines is rich in species?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
What is the greatest threat to Philippine biodiversity Why?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
What is the current status of biodiversity on Earth?
Across the range of biodiversity measures, current rates of loss exceed those of the historical past by several orders of magnitude and show no indication of slowing. Biodiversity is declining rapidly due to land use change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution.
What supports high biodiversity?
Wetlands have been called “biological super systems” because they produce great volumes of food that support a remarkable level of biodiversity. In terms of number and variety of species supported, they are as rich as rainforests and coral reefs.
What are the types of biomes that can be found in the Philippines?
Ecological Regions Of The Philippines
|Ecological Regions Of The Philippines||Biome|
|Luzon Montane Rain Forests||Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests|
|Luzon Rain Forests||Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests|
|Luzon Tropical Pine Forests||Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests|
Why is biodiversity important to humans?
Biodiversity plays a crucial role in human nutrition through its influence on world food production, as it ensures the sustainable productivity of soils and provides the genetic resources for all crops, livestock, and marine species harvested for food.