Article 1(3) of the 1945 Constitution clearly states that Indonesia is governed by the rule of law. Furthermore, the 1945 Constitution affirms that human rights should be upheld in accordance with the principles of a democratic and law-based state.
What kind of law is in Indonesia?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
Are drugs legal in Indonesia?
Indonesia has one of the strictest anti-drug laws in the world. A person caught with drugs such as marijuana, ecstasy, cocaine or methamphetamine for personal use can be sentenced to up to four years in prison or forced rehabilitation.
What is the principle of rule of law?
Rule of law is a principle under which all persons, institutions, and entities are accountable to laws that are: Publicly promulgated. Equally enforced. Independently adjudicated. And consistent with international human rights principles.
What will happen in the absence of law?
If they didn’t, our society could not operate properly. There would be no laws, rules or regulations regarding the environment, traffic safety devices, or repair of streets and roads. Sidewalks wouldn’t be shoveled and open to the public. Crimes would be committed, and there would be no punishment or rehabilitation.
What are the 3 principles of rule of law?
It requires, as well, measures to ensure adherence to the principles of supremacy of law, equality before the law, accountability to the law, fairness in the application of the law, separation of powers, participation in decision-making, legal certainty, avoidance of arbitrariness and procedural and legal transparency.
What country has the least laws?
10 Countries Least Likely to Follow The Law
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What are the advantages of rule of law?
One of the advantages of Rule of Law is that it promotes the freedom of the Judiciary. One feature of the modern definition of Rule of Law is the guarantee of the freedom of the judiciary. This means that wherever the Rule of Law operates in the real modern sense of the word, the freedom of the judiciary is enhanced.