The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.
How rich is Philippines in terms of biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
Is Philippines rich in plants?
“The Philippines is very rich in plants that are endemic, but only a little over 50 percent of the reported 1,500 medicinal plants have been documented for their traditional use,” she said, adding that only about 120 plant species have been scientifically validated for their safety and nearly 70 percent of these are …
What is the greatest threat to Philippine biodiversity?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
What are the threats biodiversity?
Five main threats to biodiversity are commonly recognized in the programmes of work of the Convention: invasive alien species, climate change, nutrient loading and pollution, habitat change, and overexploitation.
Why is biodiversity important to humans?
Biodiversity plays a crucial role in human nutrition through its influence on world food production, as it ensures the sustainable productivity of soils and provides the genetic resources for all crops, livestock, and marine species harvested for food.
How many medicinal plants are there in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, more than 1500 medicinal plants used by traditional healers have been documented , and 120 plants have been scientifically validated for safety and efficacy . Of all documented Philippine medicinal plants, the top list of medicinal plants used for TCAM has been enumerated by .