As the Vietnam war ended in 1975, a US AID report observed that the country faced famine, with 75% of its draft animals destroyed by the war, and that rice planting for the next harvest would have to be done “by the hard labor of seriously malnourished people.” Out of this social and economic unrest emerged the Khmer …
What events led up to the Cambodian genocide?
The Cambodian Genocide was the result of a social engineering project by the Khmer Rouge, attempting to create a classless agrarian society. The regime would ultimately collapse when the neighboring Vietnam invaded, establishing an occupation that would last more than a decade.
Who is to blame for the Cambodian genocide?
Ben Kiernan, head of the Cambodian Genocide Project at Yale University, estimated that the Khmer Rouge were responsible for 1.5 million deaths and later raised that estimate to 1.7 million, more than 20% of the population.
What was the main cause of the Khmer Rouge?
Inspired by the teachings of Mao Zedong, the Khmer Rouge came to espouse a radical agrarian ideology based on strict one-party rule, rejection of urban and Western ideas, and abolition of private property.
What started the war in Cambodia?
The war was sparked by a disagreement between the neutral administration of King Sihanouk, the head of state, and the serving Prime Minister Lon Nol. Political tension and economic instability in the capital city Phnom Penh was piling pressure on rural communist communities.
Does the Khmer Rouge still exist?
Following their victory, the Khmer Rouge, who were led by Pol Pot, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, and Khieu Samphan, immediately set about forcibly evacuating the country’s major cities. In 1976 they renamed the country Democratic Kampuchea.
Why did Vietnam invade Cambodia?
Vietnam launched an invasion of Cambodia in late December 1978 to remove Pol Pot. Two million Cambodians had died at the hands of his Khmer Rouge regime and Pol Pot’s troops had conducted bloody cross-border raids into Vietnam, Cambodia’s historic enemy, massacring civilians and torching villages.
What is the meaning of Khmer Rouge?
Khmer Rouge, (French: “Red Khmer”) also called Khmers Rouges, radical communist movement that ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 after winning power through a guerrilla war. It was purportedly set up in 1967 as the armed wing of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.