How did Buddhist monasticism influence South and Southeast Asia?

The Buddhist order had a fully developed internal legal system. … As time went on, Buddhist monasticism was fully integrated into societies in Southeast Asia and in Tang and, especially, Song China. Chinese monasteries interacted closely with government and influenced legal guidelines in politics, business, and lay life.

How did Buddhism affect Southeast Asia?

The main three ways in which the religion was transported into the region is through systems of trade, marriage, and missionary work. Buddhism has always been a missionary religion and Theravada Buddhism was able to spread due to the work and travel of missionaries.

What was the influence of Buddhism in East Asia?

East Asian forms of Buddhism all derive from sinicized Buddhist schools that developed between the Han dynasty (when Buddhism was first introduced from Central Asia and Gandhara) and the Song dynasty, and therefore they are influenced by Chinese culture and philosophy.

What is the main religion in Southeast Asia?

Pardue, (1971) author of Buddhism, the three sects of Buddhism can be divided by their location. Theravada Buddhism is also known as southern Buddhism because most of its followers are located in Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, Thailand and some of Vietnam.

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Country Percent
Sri Lanka 70
Tibet * 65
Laos 60
Vietnam 55

What was the impact of the Buddhist monasticism?

Buddhist monasteries enjoyed the extensive support and protection of political authorities, and in turn monasteries offered religious services, education, and public legitimization. Monasteries were often civic institutions and served the needs of local communities, generating considerable political influence.

Are Buddhist monks allowed to marry?

Buddhists monks choose not to marry and remain celibate while living in the monastic community. … Monks do not have to spend the rest of their life in the monastery – they are completely free to re-enter mainstream society and some only spend a year as a monk.

Can monks have girlfriends?

The Five Precepts are considered an important source of authority in Buddhism. … ‘Do not engage in sexual misconduct’, instructs Buddhists to be content within marriage and not to commit adultery as this will cause suffering. Buddhist monks choose not to marry and remain celibate while living in the monastic community.

How did Buddhism influence and spread Indic thought across South Asia?

Hindu priests and Buddhist monks accompanied mercantile class and assumed a leading role in spreading the message of Indian thought and culture to the entire Southeast Asian region. Since they had no political ambitions and were living in hermitages and ashrams, the local people welcomed them.

Although Buddhism is not traditionally a religion that actively seeks to ‘convert’ others, it nonetheless spread across South East Asia and became a widely followed religion in many countries in the Middle Ages, due largely to the voyages of Buddhist traders across Central Asia.

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What major Buddhist site developed Southeast Asia?

The largest Hindu and Buddhist temples anywhere in the world are both are in Southeast Asia, in Cambodia (Angkor Wat) and Indonesia (Borobudur), respectively.

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