ProjekBrunei.com - Everyone has a Story
(Or in other words, When are YOU getting married?)
If you’re a typical Bruneian, you probably get invited to wedding, tahlil, doa selamat functions at least once a week. You’ll probably run into people that you see on an almost daily basis, people you haven’t seen in a while and people you have to suffer politely. You’ll exchange news about who just came back from university overseas, who bought a new car/house/phone and whose mother is worried they are still single at the ripe old age of 27. You’ll find out who got married and who’s pregnant and who just gave birth. And if you are single, female, and in your late twenties, the chances are you will be asked “Bilakankaukawinni?”
As a single woman (30 going on 31. Ouch!), can I just say, on behalf of all my fellow sufferers out there, how irritating and hurtful this question can be?
There are likely two scenarios here:
One. I would like to get married. In fact, my sole goal in life (now that I have a good degree and a cushy job) is to settle down and make babies. But for some reason, I can’t. Perhaps I am repulsive to the opposite sex. Perhaps I have not been lucky enough to find someone. Perhaps there are private obstacles I have yet to overcome.
Asking me pointedly when I am getting married while you hug an adorable (so cute that my ovaries ache in envy) child in your arms while exchanging texts with your adorable husband about how much you love each other is just cruel. After all, would you go up to a man with no legs and stretch for your 15km marathon all the while asking him when he was going to get off his butt and make an effort?
Two. I am actually fine being on my own and do not need to be convinced that I am wrong. I enjoy coming home after work to a quiet house not covered in toddler drool and filled with the bickering of spoiled and ungrateful teenagers and a husband that needs some attention. I like being able to go out at any time of day without worrying about who will breastfeed the baby if I step out.
If you ask me when I am getting married, I am going to tell you some lie about how I am not ready or that it’s not for me. The chances are high that such a response will subject me to a lecture about how I shouldn’t wait to long, time and tide wait for no man (or the Brunei equivalent) or that I shouldn’t think so negatively. Alternatively (if you are the tenth person to broach the subject that day and I am sick of being polite), I tell you that I think people are stupid to give up their independence for marriage and the shackles of parenthood and you are offended because you feel that your life choices are being attacked. After a few awkward “Hmm”s and “Uh”s, we find an excuse to go talk to someone else.
I hope you will agree that neither scenario is particularly desirable.
Dear Brunei, I would like to make a simple request. Let us eradicate this question from the social sphere (unless, of course, the single lady in question is sporting an engagement rock that she is flashing in everyone’s faces). Let us respect each other’s privacy. Let us stop putting single women on the spot by asking them when they are FINALLY going to get married.
Fed up with having to think up witty answers
About the Contributor: Joyce is a dedicated teacher at a Sixth Form centre in Brunei where she daily entreats, begs, threatens, cajoles and teases her students in an attempt to develop their skills in the English Language. She is a self-confessed bibliophile and excessive book addict who enjoys doodling, diving once every school holiday, messing about with bits of paper and string, and dancing in her car at traffic lights. In her free time, she annoys her fighting fish and long-suffering hamster who oversee her day to day adventures. She plagiarises from the Pixar cartoon “Up” to remind everyone that, “Adventure is out there!” and from Tae Joon in “A Beautiful You” to say, “Miracle is just another word for effort.”
Winnie Cheng, the artist behind the minutely detailed, whimsical Timeless Realm (http://www.timelessrealm.com/) was born in Kedah and has been drawing since she was five (“Nothing much has changed since then, expect the papers have gotten larger and my art instruments have gotten more numerous!”).
A working artist in every sense, Winnie completed a BA in Fine Art at the University of Toronto, holds a Diploma of Studio Arts from the Sheridan College School of Animation, Arts and Design, Canada, and received an MA in Art from Universiti Brunei Darussalam in 2013. She has previously worked as a graphic designer at the GTE Yellow Pages, andhas taught classes at Jo’s Art Gallery in Batu Besurat.
Winnie accepts commissions for papercuttings, and sells prints of her illustrations online through Society9, Stew, and Threadless.
In this interview, I talk to Winnie about life as a working artist in Brunei, the Bruneian art scene, and a very little bit about Bruneian art history.
The work you did on your MA at UBD was, if I remember correctly, an analysis of the history and development of modern Bruneian art. Can you tell me a little bit more about that?
For my MA I researched the development of the Bruneian painting style from 1970 to 2010. I chose this 40 year time period as this is when Brunei as a country was also being formed.
My research focused on the art and style development of four Bruneian artists, Pg Timbang b Pg Hj Tuah, Zakaria Omar, Hj Yussof b Hj Matzin and Pg Kamarul Zaman b Pg Hj Tajuddin. I chose to focus my research on these four artists as they were actively producing paintings in that time frame and their art has been acknowledged by the Philip Morris ASEAN Art Awards.
I collated each artist’s body of artwork to gain an understanding of the development of their personal style. Through that I was able to select a painting from each of the four artists to do a comparison study by analysing each piece formally and informally. I looked at aspects of style such as use of colour, composition, subject matter.
My study found that each artist had developed a strong individual style but as a whole do not define a strong national style that depicts the character of Brunei.
Great River City
On current trends in Bruneian art.
In my opinion based on personal observation the art currently being produced in Brunei is a mix of realistic paintings and contemporary art, which includes modern paintings and art installations. Realistic paintings refers to the more traditional themes of Brunei's landscapes and landmarks, and are usually produced by artists of an earlier generation (around 50 years and above). These artists are sometimes referred to as the 'Veteran Artists', though it is unclear how the term came to be applied to them. These paintings are usually idealistic depictions of life in Brunei, for example scenes of Kampong Ayer, and should not be considered Realist, just realistic.
Younger artists such as students from sixth form centres, UBD or those who have returned from studies overseas tend to have an expanded view of art and produce contemporary art. These young artists experiment with different styles from cubism to surrealism, but predominantly contemporary art in Brunei tends to have an expressionistic character to it. For example I have encountered three artists who use techniques similar to Jackson Pollock's action painting to create abstract paintings which are totally different in character. Pg Kamarul uses splashes of paint to create a sense of movement in his paintings based on traditional Bruneian stories, while Sam Siren uses her hands and feet to create her own style of action painting that carries the energy of her emotional state.
There are also a small percentage of artists in the older generation who produce modern art. In the younger generation this ratio is reversed and more young artists create contemporary art compared to the traditional themes of Kampong Ayer.
As for common techniques there does not seem to be a particular technique which Bruneian artists favour; instead each artist experiments with multiple techniques and styles to suit their purpose.
On being a working artist in Brunei.
In Brunei whenever people hear that I am an artist or doing something art-related, the most common reaction is that the Brunei market is “too small” to make it as an artist here. There is some truth to this as the standards for art appreciation and the development of art institutions is relatively low when compared to countries such as Singapore, Malaysia or Hong Kong. There are also restrictions in Brunei in that all public exhibitions have to be cleared by a censorship board, and that can influence the kind of art being created and shown in Brunei.
In my opinion the main difference between being a working artist in Brunei and another place, for example Singapore, is the level of exposure, influence and the availability of materials and resources. Level of exposure relates to how readily an exhibited artwork can be seen by an audience, and in Brunei the lack of public gallery space is a big issue for an artist.
Artists are inspired to experiment with new styles when we see other artists’ works. In Brunei this influence is to a lesser degree as there are not many opportunities for artists to meet up, see each others works and have a critical discussion on the piece. So the community in Brunei is still developing.
When I say resources I also refer to the availability of creative and artistic workshops – even if there are workshops they are not well-publicized.
Artists in Brunei are continually trying to get exposure for their work but the lack of public facilities such as exhibition spaces, and lack of art professionals including art curators continue to hamper the growth of art in Brunei. The Bruneian public is more enamoured of consumer and entertainment culture and art appreciation in Brunei could be improved.
However there are groups of younger artists, such as Arttralia led by Erne Zainal, and Kaleidoscope Studio by Nur Khalisah Ahmad, who are continuing to redefine the art landscape in Brunei.
The Sky Whale
The Spider Cafe
Usually I start of these pieces with a thought or two as a segue into the how I met or heard about the person I am featuring. With Ibrahim, let me get to the point. I think he's a funny guy. The quicker we get to the content, the quicker you'll see why.
For more of Ibrahim, check out his YouTube channel.
What do you do?
Basically I make YouTube videos to entertain people. I have more viewers from Brunei so I make more Brunei-relatable videos...but I'm planning to do more worldwide-relatable videos.
I would describe myself as a creative person. I express my feelings and hatred through making videos that are actually offensive - yet that's what makes my audience happier and laugh more.
What does 'funny' mean to you?
Funny to me means not caring what people think about one another, and if it's funny to me then it's funny. HAHA! Did that make any sense? Basically I will laugh to anything when the joke or person isn't trying so hard to be funny and they don't have to plan it out...which I do so I don't find myself exactly that funny but other people do, which makes me so happy!
Are you a funny guy? Share about your beginnings.
Honestly, I am not the funniest guy out there and there are way funnier people - but as a Bruneian, I think I would consider myself funny because they don't have a lot of funny people to entertain us so yeah.
I started making funny videos in middle school and uploaded them on Facebook, but soon kids around me had YouTube channels too. So I created a channel, uploaded random parodies and music videos; I only had 100-200 views and got 4-5 likes in a year. Recently, for my latest video, I think I am already hitting 400-500 likes in TWO DAYS!!!!! But I'll be honest, I started making more funny videos after my How To: Indo Drama post. I never expected to go this far....
Does your audience 'get it'?
Yes, a lot of people get it and can relate to my videos. For example, my latest video has 400-500 likes but only 20 dislikes. As always, there will be a group of Bruneians who don't get the term "joke" and "over-exaggeration". Yes, I get haters but it makes me happier because it makes me stronger and more confident. Plus, those haters don't even make videos that can entertain an audience worldwide.
Describe your brainstorming process.
Well, normally all my videos are based on true events that have happened to me. If I realize it, I write it down on while in class or jot it down in my phone. I then type it up on my laptop and expand from there. I pick my main points which turn into skits / scenes, then the most important part is editing the video which makes it way funnier. I'll be honest with you, if my editing was really bad and not "YouTube famous-like", I think I wouldn't be that funny ahah :)
Where do you see yourself in one to three years?
In school, I will be taking my A-Levels; DT, Media and Art. Hopefully, other than school, I will have a larger fan base (which is already increasing - two Twitter fan accounts, two Instagram fan pages, I receive a lot of fan art, I get really sweet feedback and comments on Instagram and ask.fm). Of course there is hate, but surprisingly a small amount though, but because of them, I hope this might help me in University. I really really really want to go to LA, USA or Singapore. I don't know, I mean I live in Brunei so it would be very tough, but I will do whatever it takes to be big like Cameron Dallas or NigaHiga!
Hazirah Marzuke co-founded both Open Brunei (openbrunei.org) and B:Read (https://www.facebook.com/breadbn), communities which serve the Bruneian population in different ways. I speak to Hazirah here about the creation of Open Brunei, what it’s like to collaborate online and off, and the separation of public and private spaces.
Hazirah is a graduate of the University of Warwick, and worked in e-government in Brunei for five years before beginning an MA in Digital Sociology at Goldsmiths College, University of London in 2013.
Before Open Brunei and B:Read, there was…
My history on the Internet: I created my first website on GeoCities in 1998, and yes, I am responsible for my father's Internet bill that same year. I ran a fan website for a popular game for a few years, and had a blog which was off the Simpur Blogging Nation radar and quite unremarkable. Many years of my Internet life were spent as a fangirl and making websites. Now I'm just a lurker on Reddit, I occasionally tweet and blog, and I run Open Brunei and B:Read with my friends.
The Open Brunei origins story.
Open Brunei came about when Faiq Airudin and I came up with the idea of an MRT or London Underground type of map, but using Brunei locations. We called this the Brunei-Muara Metro Service. It seemed like something different from what we usually posted on our own websites; his was photography, and mine was a blog. Faiq was already in discussion with Hazwan Jaya about writing about art and culture from a Brunei perspective. So we thought about creating a new website on art and culture and other subjects that we were personally interested in. I wanted to make infographics and spreadsheets, things to do with data, and also share Brunei-related stuff I digged up on my online travels. Seriously, this is the story.
But after posting our Brunei-Muara metro map and write-up, we reached almost 1000 views in a week. For a handful of posts on a new website, I hadn't really expected more than one or two hundred views. There was a modest amount of comments, including on Facebook, and a lot of shares. I really liked the idea of provoking people’s thoughts, and of people discussing things contemplatively and critically.
So with Open Brunei, we aim to generate interesting discussions but also maintain a level of quality in terms of clarity and openness. I hope this has been demonstrated so far!
What has been the most interesting thing to come out of running Open Brunei, personally?
I can think of this in two ways. I was personally surprised to see my own role emerge as an editor and, to a lesser extent, as a writer. I always think it’s great when we try new things and discover more about ourselves.
It’s also been very interesting to see people’s responses, when they comment and share. I am generalizing, but I might surmise from the responses that people are interested in thoughtful content about arts, culture and - for some reason - transport. For the metro post, I liked some of the critical comments that were posted on Facebook - one pointed out that Jalan Menteri Besar, the same road where the Immigration Department and several Ministries are located, should be serviced by more than one line. Another pointed out that Brunei is still covered by forest, hence a metro service could not be built in a big circle. There were a number of good comments for Tourists for a Day as well.
You are also one of the co-founders of B:Read! Both Open Brunei and B:Read seem to me to be very community-spirited. Tell me about this.
I have never really thought of that, but yes, I suppose you could call me somewhat community-minded, in the sense that I believe in community-created things like wikis.
With B:Read, we tell people that they can initiate their own gatherings or even book-swapping events. The first bookswap we participated in wasn’t even initiated by us, but by a member of the group (then called “Brunei Bookswap”) on Facebook. I have heard of other swaps happening in Brunei and am pleased to hear it. You can view this cynically and see us as selfish; maybe the B:Read committee want to lessen the burden of doing things ourselves because the community is doing them instead. But I also think it’s a matter of not wanting to control everything that has to do with the reading culture in Brunei - why should we claim that mission as ours and only ours?
I also like to see a range of perspectives and discussions that are open and tolerant, so in another sense I’m interested in different subgroups within communities. B:Read has been great for meeting people outside of my social circles - teenagers who don’t have their own money to buy books, teachers from other districts, business owners - who all have a perspective on reading and books.
I think Open Brunei is less diverse in its scope, because our posts are exclusively in English and perhaps colored by our overseas-educated backgrounds. I’d like to see more variety of thought, including intersections where people with knowledge or experience can fill in the gaps made by the Open Brunei team and our contributors.
Another relationship between the two, I think, is that the teams for both B:Read and Open Brunei aren’t especially interested in making money, and that drives some of our decisions, such as seeking sponsorship (or not), our approaches to promotion and who we work with and whether we will ever make B:Read t-shirts. I guess we share similar ideals of the free culture ideologies, hence swapping books instead of selling them.
On using online communities to foster offline communities.
For Open Brunei, I can’t say there is any offline community activity at the moment. The “Tourists for a Day” public transport experiment was conceived by my friends, so I can’t take credit on that point.
But for B:Read, we are definitely conscious of supplementing the online community with offline activities. I initially saw the Facebook group only as an online community for swapping books, but talking to other co-founders, Teah Abdullah, Mohamed Nazmi, and Faiq, our ideas for B:Read as a way to encourage reading culture were rooted in the physical. Partly I think it is to do with the physicality of books - gathering books for book donations, for example - and also acknowledging different ways in which to encourage reading in the wider public - doing book readings (reading out loud from a book to an audience), having public events. We also think that meeting other readers is important. Who else but a fellow reader to engage in discussion about books, or to recommend or receive recommendations about books, and in effect keep your reading habit going?
I have a love for the online world, so I definitely still believe it’s a good way to pursue any specific or niche interests you have - as a teenager, I frequented Harry Potter forums discussing more in-depth aspects of the series - whether “good” and “bad” are really so black-and-white in the series, theories about understated moments in the books, and even critiques of whether JK Rowling’s writing was actually good. But I know quite a few Potterheads in real life now, and I think these are things I can discuss with them. There is a joy meeting other people who read, and who are also from the same culture or country as you - people you can relate to because they also grew up with the idiosyncrasies of Bruneian society.
I think this will play out with any hobby or interest, really - the power of the Internet to find other like-minded people online, and to offer them the option to meet in real life, and use these online and offline spaces to share their world with one another.
Hello World. Get ready for Yasmine, the first feature film from Brunei. The official release will be in August 2014 but already it has gained the attention of the film world and many from the international media including the Monocle and The Guardian.
The team behind the movie shared, "Yasmine is a beautifully choreographed story that inspires us to revisit our dreams. Action, comedy and drama come together powerfully in this unforgettable journey."
Yasmine will be introduced to the international film industry at the Hong Kong International Film Festival (March 24 to April 7) and at the Cannes Film Festival in May this year. Find out more via the Yasmine website.
Let's get to know Liyana Yus who plays the lead role of Yasmine.
What do you do?
I’m an actress.
Describe yourself in a few words.
Hyper, musically influenced, has a passion for sports and loves chocolate!
You play a key role in Yasmine - Brunei's first feature film. Share with us some highlights from that experience.
Getting told that I got the role of Yasmine, working with massive talents during the production, and all the training I had to go through for acting as well as the action sequences.
Are you naturally 'dramatic'? Or was there a steep learning curve in preparing for your role in Yasmine?
I had help from the best individuals in their respective fields, so it was a great advantage to my learning process. Of course being new to all this, there was a bit of a struggle in making sure the director was satisfied with the takes. I was constantly learning as I was shooting for the film.
Describe a typical day on the Yasmine set. Super glamorous? Or super hard work?
It was definitely super super hard work, since this is our first film. And since it's an action movie as well, the preparation in getting into character and making the action sequences look so natural was intense and incredibly challenging.
What are your thoughts about Brunei's creative scene.
I think Brunei has great talents. It's just not so often that people get an opportunities to share it. We lack the proper exposure and platforms, but we can start with supporting each other to develop a productive and healthy artistic scene.
Who are some key people you would like to thank or acknowledge?
I would like to thank my family, my manager and director Siti Kamaluddin and the Origin Films family, my friends for supporting me and keeping me motivated. And of course the most important, all of my fans for the never ending support even though they haven’t seen Yasmine yet but they are still patiently waiting for it.
What's next for you?
Next would be promoting Yasmine as it’s coming out this year. I also just shot a short film for International Women’s Day in Malaysia, part of the Ikal Mayang and WOMEN:girls Initiative, called Mentari which was written and directed by Siti Kamaluddin. It's part of an anthology of six films, comprising of female directors from Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
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